Approved and proposed for signature and ratification or
accession by General Assembly resolution 260 A (III) of 9 December
Entry into force: 12 January 1951, in accordance with article
The Contracting Parties ,
Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of
the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946
that genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the
spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized
Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted
great losses on humanity, and
Being convinced that, in order to liberate mankind from such an
odious scourge, international co-operation is required,
Hereby agree as hereinafter provided :
The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed
in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international
law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following
acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
( a ) Killing members of the group;
( b ) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of
( c ) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of
life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or
( d ) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within
( e ) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another
The following acts shall be punishable:
( a ) Genocide;
( b ) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
( c ) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
( d ) Attempt to commit genocide;
( e ) Complicity in genocide.
Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally
responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.
The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with
their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give
effect to the provisions of the present Convention, and, in
particular, to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of
genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.
Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in article III shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State
in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such
international penal tribunal as may have jurisdiction with respect
to those Contracting Parties which shall have accepted its
Genocide and the other acts enumerated in article III shall not
be considered as political crimes for the purpose of extradition.
The Contracting Parties pledge themselves in such cases to grant
extradition in accordance with their laws and treaties in force.
Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs of the
United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United
Nations as they consider appropriate for the prevention and
suppression of acts of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in article III.
Disputes between the Contracting Parties relating to the
interpretation, application or fulfilment of the present Convention,
including those relating to the responsibility of a State for
genocide or for any of the other acts enumerated in article III,
shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice at the
request of any of the parties to the dispute.
The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French,
Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall bear the date
of 9 December 1948.
The present Convention shall be open until 31 December 1949 for
signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any
non-member State to which an invitation to sign has been addressed
by the General Assembly.
The present Convention shall be ratified, and the instruments of
ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the
After 1 January 1950, the present Convention may be acceded to on
behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member
State which has received an invitation as aforesaid.
Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Any Contracting Party may at any time, by notification addressed
to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, extend the
application of the present Convention to all or any of the
territories for the conduct of whose foreign relations that
Contracting Party is responsible.
On the day when the first twenty instruments of ratification or
accession have been deposited, the Secretary-General shall draw up a
procès-verbal and transmit a copy thereof to each Member of the
United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in
The present Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day
following the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of
ratification or accession.
Any ratification or accession effected subsequent to the latter
date shall become effective on the ninetieth day following the
deposit of the instrument of ratification or accession.
The present Convention shall remain in effect for a period of ten
years as from the date of its coming into force.
It shall thereafter remain in force for successive periods of
five years for such Contracting Parties as have not denounced it at
least six months before the expiration of the current period.
Denunciation shall be effected by a written notification
addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
If, as a result of denunciations, the number of Parties to the
present Convention should become less than sixteen, the Convention
shall cease to be in force as from the date on which the last of
these denunciations shall become effective.
A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made
at any time by any Contracting Party by means of a notification in
writing addressed to the Secretary-General.
The General Assembly shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be
taken in respect of such request.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify all
Members of the United Nations and the non-member States contemplated
in article XI of the following:
( a ) Signatures, ratifications and accessions received in
accordance with article XI;
( b ) Notifications received in accordance with article XII;
( c ) The date upon which the present Convention comes into
force in accordance with article XIII;
( d ) Denunciations received in accordance with article XIV;
( e ) The abrogation of the Convention in accordance with
( f ) Notifications received in accordance with article XVI.
The original of the present Convention shall be deposited in the
archives of the United Nations.
A certified copy of the Convention shall be transmitted to each
Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States
contemplated in article XI.
The present Convention shall be registered by the
Secretary-General of the United Nations on the date of its coming