The States Parties to this Convention,
Determined to act with a view to achieving effective progress
towards general and complete disarmament, including the prohibition and
elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, and convinced that
the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of chemical and
bacteriological (biological) weapons and their elimination, through effective
measures, will facilitate the achievement of general and complete disarmament
under strict and effective international control.
Recognising the important significance of the Protocol for the
Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases and of
Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and
conscious also of the contribution which the said Protocol has already made,
and continues to make, to mitigating the horrors of war,
Reaffirming their adherence to the principles and objectives of
that Protocol and calling upon all States to comply strictly with
Recalling that the General Assembly of the
United Nations has repeatedly condemned all actions contrary to the principles
and objectives of the Geneva Protocol of 17 June 1925,
Desiring to contribute to the strengthening of confidence between
peoples and the general improvement of the international
Desiring also to contribute to the
realisation of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Convinced of the importance and urgency of
eliminating from the arsenals of States, through effective measures, such
dangerous weapons of mass destruction as those using chemical or
bacteriological (biological) agents,
that an agreement on the prohibition of bacteriological (biological) and toxin
weapons represents a first possible step towards the achievement of agreement
on effective measures also for the prohibition of the development, production
and stockpiling of chemical weapons, and determined to continue negotiations
to that end,
Determined, for the sake of all
mankind, to exclude completely the possibility of bacteriological (biological)
agents and toxins being used as weapons,
that such use would be repugnant to the conscience of mankind and that no
effort should be spared to minimise this risk,
agreed as follows:
Each State Party to this Convention
undertakes never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile
otherwise acquire or retain:
1. microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their
origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no
justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful
2. weapons, equipment or means of
delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in
Each State Party to this Convention
undertakes to destroy, or to divert to peaceful purposes, as soon as possible
but not later than nine months after the entry into force of the Convention,
all agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery specified in
Article I of the Convention, which are in its possession or under its
jurisdiction or control. In implementing the provisions of this Article all
necessary safety precautions shall be observed to protect populations and the
Each State Party to this Convention
undertakes not to transfer to any recipient whatsover, directly or indirectly,
and not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce any State, group of States
or international organisations to manufacture or otherwise acquire any of the
agents, toxins, weapons, equipment or means of delivery specified in Article I
of the Convention.
Each State Party to this Convention shall,
in accordance with its constitutional processes, take any necessary measures
to prohibit and prevent the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition
or retention of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery
specified in Article I of the Convention, within the territory of such State,
under its jurisdiction or under its control anywhere.
The States Parties to this
Convention undertake to consult one another and to cooperate in solving any
problems which may arise in relation to the objective of, or in the
application of the provisions of, the Convention. Consultation and cooperation
pursuant to this Article may also be undertaken through appropriate
international procedures within the framework of the United Nations and in
accordance with its Charter.
1. Any State Party to this Convention which
finds that any other State Party is acting in breach of obligations deriving
from the provisions of the Convention may lodge a complaint with the Security
Council of the United Nations. Such a complaint should include all possible
evidence confirming its validity, as well as a request for its consideration
by the Security Council.
2. Each State Party to
this Convention undertakes to co-operate in carrying out any investigation
which the Security Council may initiate, in accordance with the provisions of
the Charter of the United Nations, on the basis of the complaint received by
the Council. The Security Council shall inform the States Parties to the
Convention of the results of the investigation.
Each State Party to this
Convention undertakes to provide or support assistance, in accordance with the
United Nations Charter, to any Party to the Convention which so requests, if
the Security Council decides that such Party has been exposed to danger a
result of violation of the Convention.
Nothing in this
Convention shall be interpreted as in any way limiting or detracting from the
obligations assumed by any State under the Protocol for the Prohibition of the
Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological
Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925.
Each State Party to this
Convention affirms the recognised objective of effective prohibition of
chemical weapons and, to this end, undertakes to continue negotiations in good
faith with a view to reaching early agreement on effective measures for the
prohibition of their development, production and stockpiling and for their
destruction, and on appropriate measures concerning equipment and means of
delivery specifically designed for the production or use of chemical agents
for weapons purposes.
1. The State Parties to this Convention
undertake to facilitate, and have the right to participate in, the fullest
possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological
information for the use of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins for
peaceful purposes. Parties to the Convention in a position to do so shall also
co-operate in contributing individually or together with other States or
international organisations to the further development and application of
scientific discoveries in the field of bacteriology (biology) for the
prevention of disease, or for other peaceful purposes.
2. This Convention shall be implemented in a manner designed to
avoid hampering the economic or technological development of States Parties to
the Convention or international co-operation in the field of peaceful
bacteriological (biological) activities, including the international exchange
of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins and equipment for the
processing, use or production of bacteriological (biological) agents and
toxins for peaceful purposes in accordance with the provisions of the
Any State Party may propose amendments to this Convention.
Amendments shall enter into force for each State Party accepting the
amendments upon their acceptance by a majority of the States Parties to the
Convention and thereafter for each remaining State Party on the date of
acceptance by it.
Five years after the entry into force of
this Convention, or earlier if it is requested by a majority of Parties to the
Convention by submitting a proposal to this effect to the Depositary
Governments, a conference of States Parties to the Convention shall be held at
Geneva, Switzerland, to review the operation of the Convention, with a view to
assuring that the purposes of the preamble and the provisions of the
Convention, including the provisions concerning negotiations on chemical
weapons, are being realised. Such review shall take into account any new
scientific and technological developments relevant to the Convention.
1. This Convention shall be of unlimited duration.
2. Each State Party to this Convention shall in exercising its
national sovereignty have the right to withdraw from the Convention if it
decides that extraordinary events, related to the subject matter of the
Convention, have jeopardised the supreme interests of its country. It shall
give notice of such withdrawal to all other States Parties to the Convention
and to the United Nations Security Council three months in advance. Such
notice shall include a statement of the extraordinary events it regards as
having jeopardised its supreme interests.
1. This Convention shall
be open to all States for signature. Any State which does not sign the
Convention before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this
Article may accede to it at any time.
Convention shall be subject to ratification by signatory States. Instruments
of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the
Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America, which
are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.
3. This Convention shall enter into force after the deposit of
instruments of ratification by twenty-two Governments, including the
Governments designated as Depositaries of the Convention.
4. For States whose instruments of ratification or accession are
deposited subsequent to the entry into force of this Convention, it shall
enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of
ratification or accession.
5. The Depositary
Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the
date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification
or of accession and the date of the entry into force of this Convention, and
of the receipt of other notices.
6. This Convention
shall be registered by the Depositary Governments pursuant to Article 102 of
the Charter of the United Nations.
This Convention, the English, Russian,
French, Spanish and Chinese texts of which are equally authentic, shall be
deposited in the archives of the Depositary Governments. Duly certified copies
of the Convention shall be transmitted by the Depositary Governments to the
Governments of the signatory and acceding States.